Kolkata

 

 

Kolkata the ‘City of Joy’ of West Bengal is the most apt place for the eager visitants as places of interest in Kolkata are numerous. This eventful city with its many marvels has truly a lot to offer. It is one the most sought after destinations for the tourists from all over the globe. The British Raj-era architectural gems, sprawling gardens and historical colleges, universities, with museums, National Library, Auditoriums, Theater Halls, Art galleries, markets, The Festivals, sports stadium, Gangar ghats are of great attractions. It has many places of great pilgrimage. Known as the cultural capital of India, Kolkata continues to spawn generations of poets, writers, film producers and Nobel Prize winners. If your trip only allows for a visit of one or two of India’s metropolitan cities, than definitely consider placing Kolkata on your itinerary. You definitely won’t forget the city on the Hooghly and a boat/ launch trip on it is truly enjoyable.

History

In 1690, Job Charnok, an agent of the East India Company chose this place for a British trade settlement. The site was carefully selected, being protected by the Hooghly River on the west, a creek to the north, and by salt lakes about two and a half miles to the east. There were three large villages along the east bank of the river Ganges, named, Sutanuti, Gobindapur and Kalikata. These three villages were bought by the British from the local land lords. The Mughal emperor granted East India Company freedom of trade in return for a yearly payment of 3,000 rupees.

It was a village; the capital city of Bengal was Murshidabad, around 60 miles north of Calcutta. In 1756, Siraj-ud-daullah, Nawab of Bengal, attacked the city and captured the fort. Calcutta was recaptured in 1757 by Robert Clive when the British defeated Siraj-ud-daullah on the battle field of Plassy. In 1772, Calcutta became the capital of British India, and the first Governor General Warren Hastings moved all important offices from Murshidabad to Calcutta. Till 1912, Calcutta was the capital of India, whenthe British moved the capital city to Delhi. In 1947, when India gained freedom and the country got partitioned between India and Pakistan, Calcutta was included in the Indian part of Bengal, West Bengal. Calcutta became the capital city of the state of West Bengal.

Climate

September –

Average High 32 degree Celsius

Average Low 24 degree Celsius

Places of Interest

  • Victoria Memorial
  • Howrah Bridge
  • Alipore Zoo
  • Kalighat Temple
  • Indian Museum
  • Science City
  • Birla Planetorium
  • Rabindra Sadan
  • Netaji Bhawan
  • Mother House
  • Laal Dighi
  • Belur Math

Famous for

Kolkata is famous for its love for art & culture. Kolkata celebrates illustrious and authentic Durga Puja Festival. People in Kolkata are Food lovers, apart from famous fish dishes, it offers variety of sweets like Rosgulla, Sandesh etc. Kolkata is also a shopping destination.

Content Credit—Wikipedia, Bengal Tourism etc.


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